Agamemnon 29 Mar 2009 Having read the stuff which has been deciphered it is blatantly obvious that the so-called Etruscan languages is nothing more than barbarised Indo-European and Semitic. Look at a map and where is did the northern Italian tribes including the Tyrrsenoi, Tusci, Ligurians and Raetians alive? Round about where Switzerland is now. And what do we know about the Swiss? The speak 4 different languages including German, French and Italian. Now add to that the fact that the Greek Pelasgians also lived in the same region, who Dionysus of Halicarnassus clearly states did not speak the same language as the so-called Etruscans, and also include the Phoenicians or Carthaginians who lived in Sicily, Sardinia and also parts of northern Italy and you have the answer. First look at the so-called Etruscan numbers Î¸u - one zal - two ci - three huÎ¸ - four maÏ - five Åa - six semÏ - seven cezp - eight nurÏ - nine Åar - ten zaÎ¸rum - 20 cealÏ - 30 At first sight they might not look indo-European to you, but take into account that the inscriptons were probably being written down by a scribe that spoke either Greek or Latin or even Phoenician, and the people recording these numbers were writing them down phonetically as they sound. The population of northern Italy were essentially a mixture of barbarians who had people who spoke Greek, Latin, Lydian/Lewian, German, French, Phoenician and even Colchian or Georgian living amongst them and what the numbers sound like is how they would have been pronounced by a foreigner. "Thu" is the best the scribe could write when he hear the sound "wun", ie. French "un" but with a now lost digamma which is still preserved in English. Digamma was corrupted by the Romans into an "F" and in all likelihood it was corrupted into a "Th" or theta by the Barbarian tribes of Etruria. Hence wun becomes thun. After this the "n" is lost and the Barbarian which is what I will now refer to so-called Etruscan as, for the number one is "thu". Also in Hebrew the number "one" is ehad, and it is likely that the Semitic and Indo-European number for one had a common root. Next we come to the number "two" which is "dhio" in Greek. The Barbarians take the Greek word "dhio" and delta becomes "t", "t" then becomes "s" in the same way that ancient Greek "t" becomes "s" from thalatta to thalassa, and then "s" becomes "z". No if two was also originally pronounced with a digamma as is preserved in the English spelling of the word which also has undergone the transition from delta to t then it is possible that the "l" at the end of the Barbarian "zal" is a trace of the original digamma. Now we come to "three" which the Barbarians pronounced "ci". Well in Italian "c" is pronounced "chi" so it is obvious that the sound "th" of three, and yes these Barbarians seem to be following the pattern of English corruption of Indo-European, becomes "ch". "R" then becomes silent because the Barbarians, to whom neither Greek, Latin, or German were their native language, were too lazy to pronounce it. In Hebrew the number three is shlosha, so the Barbarian "ci" or "chi" for three may be evidence of a common Indo-European-Semitic root. Next we come to "four" which in Barbaian is "huth". This word probably evolved from the Greek "tesera" where "t" changes to "th" and is written "t" "h" in some earlier variant of the script then the "t" is lost leaving "h". "S" undergoes a transition to "th" and the rest of the word tesera is lost which leaves "huth" as the number four in Barbarian. Five is "mah". Well it's blatantly obvious that this is a corruption of the Hebrew word for the number five which is "hamisha" or "hamesh". Six is "sa" and its common Indo-European and Semitic origin is obvious since six in Hebrew is "shisha". Seven is "semf". Again this is obvious Barbarisation of the Latin "sept" and it has a common Semitic root since Hebrew for seven is "shiva". Digamma is obviously corrupted into "mf" in Barbaian and "p" in Latin which may have originally been a "b" sound which in modern Geeek might be written "mp". The Barbarians probably did something similar to the modern Greeks with "semf". Eight in Barbarian is "cezp" but in Greek it is written "ochto". So using that as a root, "t" becomes "s" as explained earlier but it doesn't quite make it so it becomes "st" instead and "t" then is corrupted to "p". These are Barbarians remember. They are not native Indo-European speakers so normal rules of IE shifts don't apply. Nine is "nurf" in Barbarian which is clearly the same as the French so no problem there. Ten is "sar" which follows the same parrten of corruption of ten into the German for number "zein". "T" chances into "z" is with the Barbatian number two in the manner explained earlier and "r" could be a remnent of "n", but it is more likely it is evidence of a common root with the Hebrew "esser" which is also ten. "Halh" is also used to mean ten in 30, 40, 50 etc. up to 90 therefore it probably originally derived from the Semitic "essar" where r and l were interchanged and "ss" or "sh" became "h". Now look at the only passage of the Barbarian languages which has been deciphered due to a parallel Phoenician inscription beside it, which is also proof that Phoenicians lived in northern Italy and which also mentions the worship of Astarte. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrgi_Tablets Most of the words are obviously Indo-European. "am" - to be. It's the same as the English. "avil" - year. It's Barbaric a corruption of "annum". "ca" - this. It's a corruption of the Greek "ekino". "en" - to last, endure. It's a contraction of the first syllable of endure. The Barbarian language is know to have been written using lots of contractions of works and missed syllables. "ila" - idol. Contraction of the Greek "eidola" "muni" - burial, plot of land. It the Greek "mouni" or English "mound" "sel" - hand. It's a corruption of the Greek "heir" meaning hand where "r" has been made into "l" and "h" has become "s" as in the Cypriot "sheri". "ta" - that. Another contraction. "tuler" - to encircle. It's obviously the same word as the Greek "tholos" which was a circular building. "tur" - to give". Corruption of Greek "doro" "them" - to build. Obviously shares the same root as the Greek "themelia" or foundations. "vat" - to dedicate. Same as the Latin "vot-" to vow. "zilah" - chife. Obvious barbarisation sheik which is also barabrised to chief indicating a common Indo-European and Semitic origin.